Landscaping Designs

Landscaping Harrisburg PA design adds beauty to your outdoor spaces while enhancing the function of your yard. You can choose from a variety of themes for your design, including a tropical garden style or a formal landscape.Landscaping

Unity is achieved when different parts of the landscape work together to create a unified theme. This includes colors, shapes, sizes, and textures. Simple repetition, such as lining up plants or placing similar objects in a row, helps achieve this.

Color is a critical element in any landscape design. It can unify a garden by creating a cohesive theme or drawing attention to focal points in the landscape. It can also make a small garden feel larger or a large space seem cozy. A creative designer will play with a range of color tones to create a balanced, pleasing garden design.

When choosing colors for your landscape, it is important to consider the intensity of each hue. A strong, bright color like red or orange can be eye-catching and add a sense of energy to the garden, but it should be used sparingly, as overuse may lead to visual saturation. A more muted shade, such as pink or white, can also be a great choice to create a soothing feeling in the garden.

Another factor to consider is the color scheme, which can be influenced by the seasons and the environment. For example, a garden filled with spring blooms will feature bright, warm colors, while summer brings more cool tones, and autumn provides a rich array of earthy shades.

A landscape color palette can also be based on a particular theme, such as an architectural style or a natural setting. A formal English garden can be unified by the use of traditional colors, while a modern setting might be set off with a selection of textural grasses and shrubs.

One of the most useful tools in landscape design is the color wheel, which shows how colors interact with each other and can be used to create complementary or analogous color schemes. Complementary colors are those found on opposite sides of the wheel that work well together, such as yellow and red or blue and purple. Analogous colors are those that appear next to each other on the wheel and are visually harmonious. For example, yellow and green or red and orange are common analogous landscape color pairs.


The form of the landscape is the shape and layout of plant beds, walkways, lawn areas, and other hardscape elements. This can be influenced by the style of your home, its architecture, and how you want to use the space. Many homeowners are attracted to curvilinear forms because they feel more natural. However, this design style can be difficult to execute on your own because it requires a high level of skill and knowledge of horticultural principles.

Form can also be determined by the size and scale of the different elements in a design. This ensures that the overall project looks balanced once it’s completed. For example, plants need to be sized correctly in relation to their surrounding structures. In addition, the proportion of void to filled space is important to balance the overall look.

Color is another element that adds visual interest to a design. It can be manipulated to create different moods and evoke specific emotions. For instance, the brighter summer sun can make colors appear more saturated and intense, while filtered light in the winter can cause them to look more subdued. The color of the landscape can also be used to define spaces.

Lines are a necessary component of any good landscape design. They can be real (actual) or perceived (implied). For instance, a round plant following a curved bedline gives the garden a natural feel, while a linear walk with straight edging creates an ordered and formal look. Repetition of line, form, color, and texture creates rhythm in a design, but it must be done with caution, as too much repetition can lead to monotony. A few new elements mixed in with repetition can prevent the garden from becoming boring.


The lines of a landscape can create an atmosphere that is formal or informal. Straight lines with hard angles tend to yield a more formal look, while curved lines mimic nature and communicate a relaxed, informal feel. Lines are also important for the flow of a design. For example, a walk should curve in a natural way rather than running in a straight line from one side of the yard to the other.

When designing a residential or commercial landscape, it is helpful to think about sight lines. These are the lines that will be seen from various points in the space, including your home, building interiors, and other outdoor locations. The goal of a good landscape sight line is to make the view as pleasing from every angle and point of view as possible.

For a commercial property, this might include a courtyard fountain to provide a focal point for shoppers or a garden area that is framed by other building features to enhance the beauty of a public monument or statue. For a residential estate, it might be a long view from the kitchen to the rear of the house or a circular drive that entices visitors to circle the property.

Color is another important element that can be added to the landscape through the use of plants and other hardscapes. The combination of warm and cool colors can help establish a mood, while combining similar colors creates harmony. Adding texture to the landscape is important as well. This can be achieved by using plants with varying levels of coarseness, smoothness, or heaviness or through the use of hardscape materials. The pacing of plant groups and repetition of plants also add texture.


The movement of a landscape design is determined by how the elements and principles work together. This is most noticeable in the way a pattern or line repeats throughout a landscaping plan. This can be found in the lines of beds, paths, and where turf meets pavement and other hardscaping. A rhythm is established through this repetition, which can be pleasing to the eye.

When designing a garden, it is important to take the site into account. This will help determine the soil type, drainage, and sun/shade patterns. It will also allow the landscaper to locate the house and other structures on the property. This information will help in determining the size of plantings and the layout of other features such as fountains, benches, ponds, and other hardscapes.

Another consideration when planning a landscape is the hierarchy of uses. Different people will use the outdoor space in a landscape differently, and this can be determined by how the paths in a design are scaled. For example, a path that leads to the front door should be level one, or 41/2- to 5-feet wide. Paths that lead from the main path should be gradually scaled down to level two, or 21/2- to 3-feet wide. This allows the landscape to accommodate different numbers of people at the same time.

Proportion is the relationship between the sizes of all the landscape features, including plants, structures, and hardscaping. This is important because short people, tall people, and children perceive spaces differently. In addition, proportion is influenced by the time of day, with brighter summer sunlight making colors seem more saturated and intense than in the filtered light of winter.


Using all the elements and principles of design, landscapers can create spaces with visual appeal that connect and flow together. This is done through the use of focal points that capture the attention and lead the eye and through the intentional marking of pathways or the guiding of movement through spatial organization.

Lines are the main structural element that determines how a design is perceived and can influence its mood and function. Straight lines create a formal character and are often associated with symmetry; they are strong and direct the eye to a focal point. On the other hand, curved lines create a more relaxed, natural character and can create a sense of mystery.

Focalization can also be created through the use of scale, pacing, and contrasting textures. Scale is the relative size of different elements in a composition. This can be accomplished through the use of varying heights, scaled plant materials, alternating the use of large and small plants, or by placing objects at different levels in a garden. Pacing is the timing of changes to a landscape. This can be achieved by introducing a new element periodically to keep the landscape looking fresh and interesting without becoming too chaotic or confusing.

Landscape themes are a way of organizing and unifying the various areas in a yard. They may be based on architectural styles, such as formal or informal, or they may focus on specific plant types, colors, forms, and textures. Repetition is another important element of a landscape theme; however, too much repetition can create monotony.